Tuesday, July 02, 2013

Two new medication to remember!

Mak batuk-batuk, so Auntie saya yang tinggal kat Kota Bharu ada poskan 2 ubat yang (insyaallah) boleh membantu.
1. Montelukast Sodium untuk paru-paru
2. Pandeine (Paracetamol + Codeine Phosphate) untuk demam, batuk dan selseme, 3-in-1 ni. tayah susah-susah amik 3 ubat yang berlainan. :P

Macam biasa, sy snap gambar dan save dalam blog. Esok-esok kalo sape-sape batuk berpanjangan lagi, dah tau nak cari ubat apa kat farmasi. :P

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How does Montelukast Sodium Tablets work? What will it do for me?

Montelukast belongs to a group of medications known as leukotriene receptor antagonists. It is used to prevent and manage asthma and to relieve the symptoms of seasonal allergies, also known as seasonal allergic rhinitis or hay fever. It works by blocking the effects of leukotrienes, a substance produced by the body in response to certain "triggers" that cause narrowing and swelling of airways in the lungs. Montelukast usually starts to work within one day.

How should I use Montelukast Sodium Tablets?

For seasonal allergic rhinitis, the recommended dose of montelukast for adults and adolescents 15 years and older is one 10 mg tablet taken once a day in the evening.

For asthma, the recommended dose of montelukast for adults and adolescents 15 years and older is one 10 mg tablet taken once a day in the evening. For children 6 to 14 years old, the recommended dose is one chewable 5 mg tablet taken once a day in the evening. For children 2 to 5 years old, the recommended dose is one chewable 4 mg tablet or one packet of 4 mg granules taken in the evening.

Montelukast can be taken with or without food.

The oral granules can be given either directly in the mouth, or mixed with a spoonful of cold or room temperature soft food (e.g., apple sauce). The packet should not be opened until ready to use. After opening the packet, the full dose of oral granules must be given within 15 minutes. Do not store any oral granule and food mixture for later use. Do not mix the oral granules in liquid. Children may drink liquids after swallowing the oral granules.

Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.

It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.

Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.

What form(s) does Montelukast Sodium Tablets come in?

Each beige-coloured, rounded square, biconvex, film-coated tablet, engraved with "M10" on one side and plain on other side, contains 10 mg montelukast as montelukast sodium. Nonmedicinal ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, low substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, microcelac100 (co-precipitated product of lactose monohydrate 75%w/w and microcrystalline cellulose 25%w/w), hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, iron oxide red, iron oxide yellow, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide.

Who should NOT take Montelukast Sodium Tablets?

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to montelukast or any ingredients of the medication.

source link : http://chealth.canoe.ca/drug_info_details.asp?brand_name_id=6043

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Panadeine

Panadeine contains the combined strength of paracetamol and codeine phosphate, which work together to provide fast, effective temporary relief of strong pain and discomfort associated with: headache, migraine headache, period pain, back pain, muscle pain, arthritis, toothache/dental procedures, neuralgia, cold & flu symptoms, and sore throat. Panadeine also helps to reduce fever.

Panadeine is a good choice of pain reliever for people with sensitive stomachs, stomach ulcers and other stomach disorders. Panadeine is also suitable for people who have asthma that is sensitive to aspirin and NSAIDs.

What is Panadeine?

Panadeine is an effective pain reliever for strong pain, containing the combined strength of paracetamol and codeine phosphate.
. Panadeine contains paracetamol 500mg and codeine phosphate 8mg, for the relief of strong pain.
. Panadeine Plus contains paracetamol 500mg and codeine phosphate 15mg, for the relief of strong to severe pain. It is the maximum strength codeine-based pain reliever available without prescription.
. Panadeine is a good choice of pain reliever for people with sensitive stomachs, stomach ulcers and other stomach disorders. Panadeine is also suitable for people who have asthma that is sensitive to NSAIDs (such as aspirin and ibuprofen).

What types of pain is Panadeine suitable for?

Panadeine and Panadeine Plus provide fast, effective temporary relief of strong pain and discomfort associated with:
. Headaches
. Migraine
. Period pain
. Back pain
. Muscle pain & sports injuries
. Arthritis
. Toothache & dental surgery
. Neuralgia
. Cold & flu symptoms
. Fever

How does Panadeine work?

Panadeine is a combination analgesic, combining the analgesic effects of both paracetamol and codeine phosphate.

Paracetamol works by blocking the production of chemicals, known as prostaglandins, which are involved in transmitting pain signals to the brain. In addition, paracetamol has also been found to act directly on nociceptors and this may reduce the signaling of the pain stimulus itself.

Codeine is an opioid, which works centrally to reduce the brain's perception of pain.

How to use Panadeine

For adults and children over 12 years: Take 2 tablets or caplets every 4-6 hours (maximum 8 tablets or caplets in 24 hours).

source link : http://gsk.co.nz/panadeine.html

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