Sunday, May 20, 2007

Test Newborn Knowledge (Part 1)

1. You should always supplement a breastfeeding baby with...
a) water
b) diluted apple juice
c) formula
d) none of the above

The correct answer is "d". In general, your breastfed baby should not need any supplements with water, juice, or formula. If you think that your baby is thirsty, it is usually best to just let them breastfeed. And talk to your Pediatrician or a lactation consultant if you really think your baby needs a supplement.

2. When you swaddle a baby, you are...
a) trying to get them to burp
b) taking a rectal temperature
c) wrapping them up snuggling in a blanket
d) about to give them a bath

The correct answer is "c". Swaddling a baby is the practice of wrapping them up snugly in a blanket and is a good way to soothe and calm a crying baby.

3. Babies may cry when they...
a) are hungry
b) are tired
c) need their diaper changed
d) all of the above

The correct answer is "d". Crying can mean lots of different things. When trying to figure out why your baby is crying, think about how long it has been since their last feeding, nap, or diaper change.

4. If your baby's skin gets yellow, he likely has...
a) roseola
b) thrush
c) jaundice
d) a fever

The correct answer is "c". Jaundice is the condition in which a baby's skin becomes yellow.

5. To protect your child if you go outside, you should...
a) keep them in the shade
b) apply lots of sunscreen with an SPF of at least 5
c) apply an insect repellent if it is during West Nile Virus season
d) all of the above

The correct answer is "a". In general, you should keep your newborn and younger infant out of the sun because they can get quickly overheated and burn quickly. And you typically wouldn't start using sunscreen until they were 6 months old or an insect repellent until they are two months old.

6. When riding in the car, your baby will be the safest when...
a) facing backwards in the front seat
b) facing forward in the front seat
c) facing backward in the back seat
d) facing forward in the back seat

The correct answer is "c". The safest place for a baby is in the back seat facing backwards.

7. Your baby shouldn't lie in one position too long because of the risk of..
a) developing a flat heat
b) SIDS
c) shaken baby syndrome
d) developing a stiff neck (torticollis)

The correct answer is "a". You should vary the position your baby lays in and sleeps so that they don't develop a flat head (plagiocephaly). They should still sleep on their back though, to reduce the risk of SIDS.

8. Your baby's umbilical cord will usually fall off when they are...
a) born
b) three to four days old
c) three to four weeks old
d) three to four months old

The correct answer is "c". A baby's umbilical cord will usually fall off when they are about three to four weeks old.

9. What kind of vitamin drops will you have to give your new baby?
a) fluoride
b) iron
c) Vitamin C
d) none of the above

The correct answer is "d". In general, unless you have a premature baby, a healthy newborn shouldn't need any extra vitamins than he gets from breastmilk or an iron fortified baby formula. Keep in mind that exclusively breastfed babies do need some Vitamin D after they are two months old though.

10. If someone describes your baby as being 'backwards,' that usually means that they...
a) never cry
b) sleep more during the day and are awake at night
c) like to sleep on their stomach
d) spit up before they eat

The correct answer is "b". A baby who is 'backwards' may be sleeping for longer stretches during the day and are awake a lot at night. This is usually something that fixes itself, although you may want to keep it dark and quite at night and more lively during the day to encourage more nighttime sleep.

11. During their first week of life, the average baby...
a) loses 5-10 percent of their birth weight
b) loses 10-15 percent of their birth weight
c) gains an extra 5-10 percent of their birth weight
d) gains an extra 10-15 percent of their birth weight

The correct answer is "a". Babies typically lose about 5-10 percent of their birth weight during their first week and then get back up to their birth weight by the time they are two weeks old.

12. By the time they are five days old, one way that you can tell if your breastfed baby is getting enough to eat is if she is having at least...
a) 1-2 wet diapers each day
b) 3-4 wet diapers each day
c) 4-5 wet diapers each day
d) 6 or more wet diapers each day

The correct answer is "d". A breastfed baby who is getting enough to eat should be having 6 or more wet diapers each day, by the time she is 5-7 days old.

13. If your baby has a moro reflex, you should...
a) call your Pediatrician right away
b) make sure that their immunizations are up-to-date
c) change his diaper
d) none of the above

The correct answer is "d". The moro or startle reflex is normally present at birth in healthy babies.

14. To reduce your baby's risk of SIDS, he should sleep on his:
a) back
b) side
c) stomach
d) side or stomach

The correct answer is "a". In addition to not smoking and making sure your baby doesn't get overheated, putting them to sleep on their back is the best way to reduce your baby's risk of SIDS.

15. You shouldn't heat your baby's bottles in the microwave because...
a) of the radiation
b) your baby might get burned
c) they will melt
d) both a and b.

The correct answer is "b". A microwave oven can heat a bottle of formula unevenly, creating hot pockets that could burn your baby.

16. A newborn has a fever if their temperature is at or above...
a) 99 degrees Fahrenheit
b) 100 degrees Fahrenheit
c) 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit
d) 104 degrees Fahrenheit

The correct answer is "c". While 104 degrees is definitely a fever, a newborn is usually thought to have a fever if their temperature is at or above 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit. A temperature of 99 or 100 can be normal (although it doesn't mean that your baby isn't sick) in babies who often have higher temperatures than older children and adults.

17. A one week old baby usually sleeps about...
a) 12 1/2 hours a day
b) 14 1/2 hours a day
c) 16 1/2 hours a day
d) 18 1/2 hours a day

The correct answer is "c". The average one week old baby will sleep about 16 1/2 hours in a twenty-four hour period, with regular sleep, eat, and awake times, although they may have one stretch of 4-5 hours of sleep at one time during the night.

18. You should start your newborn on cereal if they are...
a) not sleeping for 4 hours
b) not sleeping for 6 hours
c) not sleeping for 8 hours
d) none of the above

The correct answer is "d". You usually shouldn't start cereal until your baby is at least 4-6 months old, although your Pediatrician might recommend that you use cereal to thicken his formula if he has bad reflux.

19. A stork bite is a...
a) pink birthmark on a baby's neck or face
b) raised red birthmark that is also called a strawberry
c) bluish gray birthmark on a child's lower back
d) rash caused by head lice

The correct answer is "a". Stork bites are common birthmarks that can be found on the back of a baby's neck, or on their forehead, eyelids, tip of their nose, or upper lip.

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